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Effortless Guide: Save and Load Cookies in Requests Python – Step by Step

While conducting web scraping, it may be beneficial to temporarily halt our scraping session by storing cookies and resuming the process later. The requests library can be utilized to save and load cookies using the dict_from_cookiejar and cookiejar_from_dict utility functions. This technique is particularly useful when engaging in complex web scraping projects where maintaining a continuous session can significantly enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of data collection. By preserving session cookies, scrapers can avoid the need to re-navigate through login procedures or re-establish session parameters, ensuring a smoother and more human-like interaction with the target website. To further optimize your scraping activities, considering the use of a web scraping API could provide advanced features such as automatic cookie handling, request retries, and proxy rotation, making your scraping process even more seamless and effective. This guide will detail the straightforward steps to save and load cookies in your Python scraping projects, enabling you to pick up exactly where you left off with minimal hassle.

from pathlib import Path
import json
import requests

# to save cookies:
session = requests.session()
session.get("https://httpbin.dev/cookies/set/mycookie/myvalue")  # get some cookies
cookies = requests.utils.dict_from_cookiejar(session.cookies)  # turn cookiejar into dict
Path("cookies.json").write_text(json.dumps(cookies))  # save them to file as JSON

# to retrieve cookies:
session = requests.session()
cookies = json.loads(Path("cookies.json").read_text())  # save them to file as JSON
cookies = requests.utils.cookiejar_from_dict(cookies)  # turn dict to cookiejar
session.cookies.update(cookies)  # load cookiejar to current session
print(session.get("https://httpbin.dev/cookies").text)  # test it

By using these functions, we can effectively manage our web scraping sessions, ensuring that we can pause and resume our work as needed. This is just one of the many ways that the scrape network can assist in optimizing your web scraping processes.